What is Hadoop and Hadoop Ecosystem?

Apache Hadoop

Apache Hadoop is an accessible reference shelf that is utilized to efficiently bottle and process large datasets varying in quantity from gigabytes to petabytes of data. Rather of using one huge computer to store and filter the data, Hadoop authorizes massing multiple computers to evaluate enormous datasets in resemblance more quickly.

Hadoop comprises of four main modules:

  • Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) – A disseminated file network that operates on common or low-end hardware. HDFS delivers better data throughput than conventional file systems, in improvement to high drawback compassion and aboriginal support of enormous datasets.
  • Yet Another Resource Negotiator (YARN) – Organizes and monitors mass projections and reserve usage. It plans jobs and assignments.
  • MapReduce – A framework that assists strategies do the parallel calculation on data. The map task seizes input data and restores it into a dataset that can be evaluated in key-value groups. The production of the map task is expended by curtail tasks to aggregate production and furnish the desired outcome.
  • Hadoop Common – Provides widespread Java archives that can be borrowed across all modules.

What actually is the Hadoop Ecosystem And what it is used for?

Apache Hadoop ecosystem denotes the numerous elements of the Apache Hadoop software library; it encompasses open source undertakings as well as a detailed range of corresponding tools. Some of the extensively well-known tools of the Hadoop ecosystem comprise HDFS, Hive, Pig, YARN, MapReduce, Spark, HBase, Oozie, Sqoop, Zookeeper, etc. Here are the important Hadoop ecosystem elements that are employed repeatedly by developers:

Definition of HDFS?

Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS), is one of the biggest Apache undertakings and major warehouse systems of Hadoop. It utilizes a NameNode and DataNode architecture. It is a disseminated file system eligible to stock large files jogging over the assortment of product hardware.

What are Hive And its usage?

Hive is an ETL and Data warehousing equipment borrowed to question or analyze huge datasets bottled within the Hadoop ecosystem. Hive has three main functions: data overview, inquiry, and examination of unstructured and semi-structured data in Hadoop. It captions a SQL-like interface, an HQL language that works identical to SQL and automatically translates questions into MapReduce businesses.

What is Apache Pig and why it is in demand?

This is a high-level scripting language borrowed to commit quizzes for bigger datasets that are utilized within Hadoop. Pig’s easy SQL-like scripting language is known as Pig Latin and its fundamental purpose is to accomplish the crucial undertakings and organize the final output in the required format.

What is YARN and its advantages?

YARN exists for Yet Another Resource Negotiator, but it's generally pertained to by the acronym independently. It is one of the nucleus elements in the open-source Apache Hadoop acceptable for reserve management. It is accountable for controlling workloads, monitoring, and insurance controls enactment. It also distributes system reserves to the varied petitions running in a Hadoop cluster while appointing which tasks should be committed by each assortment of nodes. YARN has two central components:

  • Resource Manager and
  • Node Manager


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